Life, Death and the Hope of Salvation
Life, Death and the Hope of Salvation

Life, Death and the Hope of Salvation

Life, Death, and the Hope of Salvation


In the day the God made the earth and the heavens, the Lord God formed the man of dust from the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living soul.[1] And from the flesh of Adam, God formed a woman, which the man named Eve because she was the mother of all living.[2] Although Adam lived in paradise in close fellowship with God, the first man was deceived with his wife into sin for which God warned, “you shall surely die”.[3] So the woman and the man condemned themselves to death, according to the curse which God spoke to Adam, “By the sweat of your face you shall eat, till you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you shall return.”[4] So the Lord God sent the man and his wife out from paradise and prohibited mortals from partaking of the tree of life.[5]

Sin therefore came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men.[6] According to God’s righteous law, the soul who sins shall die.[7] Having been alienated from God through sin, mankind is already condemned.[8] And by works no man is justified in the sight of God.[9] Humanity has already been charged that all are under sin, as it is written: “None is righteous, no not one; no one understands; no one seeks for God. All have turned aside; together they have become worthless; no one does good, not even one.”[10] Lacking the repentance that leads to life, man is dead in trespasses and sin, following the course of this world, following the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that is now at work in the sons of disobedience.  The children of man have fallen away, they have all become corrupt as Jesus said, “no one is good except God alone.”[11]  So death has reigned from Adam, even over those whose sinning was not like the transgression of Adam.[12] 

Of first importance is that Jesus has died for our sins, he was buried, and he was raised on the third day.[13] Our hope and faith in the Gospel rests on the promise that we shall likewise attain the resurrection from the dead at the end of the age.[14] Although the first man Adam became a living being, the last Adam became a life-giving spirit.[15] Just as we have borne the image of the man of dust, we shall also bear the image of the man of heaven.[16]  At the last trumpet the dead will be raised imperishable and be changed.[17] For the perishable body must put on the imperishable, and the mortal body must put on immorality so that it comes to pass, as it is written, “Death is swallowed up in victory”.[18] We believe that Jesus died and rose again – likewise God will bring with Christ those who have fallen asleep.[19] For the Lord himself will return and descend from heaven with a cry of command and the dead in Christ will rise.[20]

Despite death’s curse through one man’s trespass, the gift of righteousness following many trespasses now reigns in life through the one man Jesus Christ.[21] Therefore, as one trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all men.[22]  As by the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man’s obedience the many will be made righteous.[23] For as by a man came death, by a man has come also the resurrection of the death.[24] As in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive.[25] For God so loved the world, that he gave his only son, that whoever believes in him should not perish.[26] Thanks be to God in showing his love for us that, while we were under the law of sin and death, Christ died for the ungodly to justify us by his blood in saving us from the wrath of God.[27]

The place of the dead is known as Sheol in Hebrew and Hades in Greek.[28] There the wicked are punished and the righteous are comforted until the day of judgement.[29] Jesus saw it as having locations where the wicked are in agony separated by a wide gulf where the righteous reside beside Abraham.[30] Jesus used the word Gehenna as an illustration of hell. Gehenna, translated “Valley of Hinnom” is known to be a cursed place, and in the Hebrew Bible is where some of the kings of Judah sacrificed their children by fire.[31] Gehenna continued to a place of burning sewage, burning flesh, and garbage where maggots and worms crawled through the waste and the smoke smelled strong and was sickening.[32] The depiction of Gehenna is hell; the place of eternal torment where the fires never cease from burning and the worms never stop crawling.[33] This is the place of fallen angles (demons), where  they are being kept until the day of judgement.[34]

Jesus made it clear that we should fear hell more than death – and we should fear the one that has authority to cast into hell more than those who are able to kill the body.[35]  We should avoid being condemned to hell at all costs.[36] It is better to lose one of the members our body that make us sin than our whole body be thrown into hell.[37] It is better to enter life crippled or lose a hand than to be cast into hell.[38] It is better to enter life lame than with two feet be thrown into hell.[39] It is better to enter the kingdom of God with one eye than with two eyes be thrown into hell.[40]

When Jesus was put to death, God raised him the dead and his soul of was not abandoned to Hades.[41] He has been exalted at the right hand of God as leader and savior[42] He died and now is alive forever more and now has the keys to Death and Hades.[43] And the gates of Hades shall not prevail against his Church.[44] For as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, so also the Son gives life to whom he will.[45] For the Father judges no one, but has given all judgement to the Son.[46] Whoever hears his words and believes does not come into judgement, but has passed from death to life.[47]  The hour is coming, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God , and those who hear will live.[48] For as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, so also he has granted the son also give life to whom he will.[49] God has given Jesus authority over all flesh, to give eternal life to whom he will.[50] And he has given him all authority to execute judgment, because he is the Son of Man.[51] 

The hour is coming when all who are in the tombs will hear the voice of the Son of Man and come out, those who have done good to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil to the resurrection of judgment.[52] There will be a first resurrection of the righteous and a second resurrection of judgement.[53] On the day of judgement, the dead great and small will stand before the throne and records will be opened including the book of life.[54] Death and Hades will give up the dead and they will be judged, each of the dead, according to what they had done.[55] Whoever’s name is not found written in the book of life will be thrown into the lake of fire which is the second death.[56] Death and Hades will be thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur – this is where the devil will reside.[57] Blessed are the holy ones who will share in the first resurrection! Over such the second death has no power; they will be priests of God and of Christ and they will reign with him.[58] But as for the timid – and faithless – and murders – and sexually immoral – and those practicing witchcraft – and the worshipers of false gods – and all the deceitful; their portion will be in the lake that burns with fire and sulfur, which is the second death.[59]

Sin is death, but now grace reigns through righteousness leading to eternal life.[60] The wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life.[61] This is the will of the Father, that everyone who looks on the Son and believes in him should have eternal life, and Christ will raise him up.[62] Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life; whoever does not obey the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God remains on him.[63] The Scripture imprisoned everything under sin, so that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe.[64]  To those who by patience in well-doing seek for glory and honor and immortality, he will give eternal life; but for those who are self-seeking and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, there will be wrath and fury.[65] 

According to the  promise of our God, we are waiting for new heavens and a new earth in which righteousness dwells.[66]  Those worthy to attain to the coming age and to attain to the resurrection from the dead cannot die anymore, because they are equal to angels and are sons of God, being sons of the resurrection.[67]   For all who are led by the spirit of God are sons of God and have received the spirit of adoption as sons.[68]  We are sealed with the  Holy Spirit, which is the guarantee of our inheritance until we acquire possession of it.[69]  Creation waits with eager longing for the revealing of the sons of God so as to be set free from our bondage to decay.[70] The children of God groan inwardly eagerly waiting for adoption as sons – the hope of the resurrection.[71]

[1] Genesis 2:4,7

[2] Genesis 2:21-23, Genesis 3:20

[3] Genesis 2:17, 3:11

[4] Genesis 3:19

[5] Genesis 3:22-24

[6] Romans 5:12, 14

[7] Ezekiel 18:4,20

[8] John 3:18, Ephesians 2:19

[9] Romans 3:20

[10] Romans 3:9-12, Psalms 14:1-3, Psalms 53:1-3

[11] Psalms 51:1-3, Mark 10:18, Luke 18:19

[12] Romans 5:14

[13] 1Corinthians 15:3-4

[14] John 11:24, 1Corinthians 15:12-19, Psalms 16:10-11, 1Peter 1:3, Acts 4:2, Acts 17:18, Acts 23:6, Acts 24:21, Titus 1:2, Titus 3:7, 1John 2:25

[15] 1Corinthians 15:45

[16] 1Corinthians 15:49

[17] 1Corinthians 15:51

[18] 1Corinthians 15:54-56

[19] 1Thessalonians 4:14

[20] 1Thessalonians 4:16

[21] Romans 5:15-17, John 6:50-51

[22] Romans 5:18

[23] Romans 5:18-19

[24] 1Corinthians 15:21

[25] 1Corinthians 15:22

[26] John 3:16

[27] Romans 5:8-9, Revelation 7:10, John 1:29

[28] Genesis 37:35, 1Samuel 2:6, Psalms 16:10, Psalms 30:3

[29] Luke 16:22-26

[30] Luke 16:19-26

[31] 2Chronicles 28:3, 2Chronicles 33:6, Jeremiah 7:31, 19:2-6

[32] Isaiah 30:33

[33] Matthew 10:28, Mark 9:47-48

[34] 2Peter 2:4-5

[35] Matthew 10:28, Luke 12:4-5, Luke 17:33

[36] Matthew 23:33

[37] Matthew 5:29-30, 23:15, Mark 9:43-47

[38] Matthew 5:30, Mark 9:43

[39] Mark 9:45

[40] Matthew 5:29, Matthew 18:9

[41] Acts 2:24-32, Revelation 1:18

[42] Acts 2:33,Acts  5:31, Acts 7:55-56, Romans 8:34, Ephesians 1:20, Colossians 3:1, Hebrews 1:3, Hebrews 8:1, Hebrews 10:12, Hebrews 12:2

[43] Revelation 1:18

[44]Matthew 16:18

[45] John 5:21

[46] John 5:22-27

[47] John 5:24

[48] John 5:25

[49] John 5:21,26

[50] John 17:2, John 3:14-15

[51] John 5:22,27

[52] John 5:28-29, Daniel 12:2, Acts 24:15

[53] Revelation 20:4-6, Revelation 20:13-15

[54] Revelation 20:12

[55] Revelation 20:13

[56] Revelation 20:14-15

[57] Revelation 20:10, 14

[58] Revelation 20:6

[59] Revelation 21:8

[60] Romans 5:21

[61] Romans 6:23, John 3:17

[62] John 6:40,  John 11:24, John 17:2-3, 1John 5:11-12

[63] John 3:36, John 3:18

[64] Galatians 3:22

[65] Romans 2:7-8, Romans 7:6; Romans 8, John 3:3

[66] 2Peter 3:13, John 11:51-52, Mark 1:15 

[67] Luke 20:35-36, Galatians 3:26, John 1:12, Acts 2:38

[68] Romans 8:14-15, 2Corinthians 1:22, 2Corinthians 5:5, Ephesians 1:5, Galatians 4:5

[69] Ephesians 1:13-14, Ephesians 1:9-12

[70] Romans 8:19,21, Galatians 3:26, John 1:12

[71] Romans 8:21, 23